SITES OF RAWANA - RAMA & SEETHA IN SRI LANKA
 
Vessagiriya – Anuradhapura IC 77
 
Inscription: - Anikata-Sona-pitaha bariya [u]pasika-Ti [sa] ya lene Agata-anagata-catu-disa-sagasa

IC Decoding: - The cave of the female lay-devotee Tissa, wife of the father of Sona, the cavalryman, [is given] to Sangha of the four quarters, present and absent.

Our Decoding; The cave of the female lay devotee Tissa, wife of the father of Sona, the Cavalryman, is given to the Sangha of the four quarters, present and absent. (This is in accordance with Ramayana as Sona was Rawana’s commander of the cavalry).
 
Vessagiriya – Anuradhapura IC 86
 
IC Reading:- Gana-c[o]daka-Datha lene sagasa

Our Reading
: - Tana-c[o]daka – Dataha lene sagasa

IC Decoding: - The cave of Datta, the director of the corporation, [is given] to the Sangha.

Our Decoding; the cave of Thrunabindu donated to Maha Sangha (This cave of Thrunabindu is adjacent to the cave where Rishi Pulasthi meditated. In accordance with Ramayana)
 
Vessagiriya – Anuradhapura IC 88
 
IC Reading:- Parumaka-Visadeva-Putha Parumaka-Sumanaha lene sagasa-niyate

Our Reading
: - Parumaka-Visava-puta parumaka-Sumanaha lene sagasa niyate

IC Decoding: -
The cave of the chief Sumana, son of the chief Visadeva, is dedicated to the Sangha

Our Decoding
; the cave of Parumaka Visava is donated to Maha Sangha by Parumaka Sumana. (Visava is Rawana’s father. In accordance with Ramayana)
 
Erupothana – Vavuniya District IC 333
 
IC Reading:- Parumaka Ku....Siva-Puta Abayasa lene sagasa

Our Reading
: - Parumaka Ku..... Siva-puta Abayaśa lene, sagasa niyate

IC Decoding: - The cave of Abhaya, son of the chief Ku . . . . Siva, [is given] to the Sangha.

Our Decoding; Parumaka Kuvera’s son Shiva’s son Abaya’s cave is donated Maha Sangha. (The last three letters of the word Kuvera is covered something which can be noticed in the photograph)
 
Bambaragastalawa –Ampara District IC 515
 
IC Reading:- Parumaka-Vanijha-Tisaha lene sagasa

Our Reading
: - Parumika Ravana dhithi Śhohili lene sagasa

IC Decoding: - The cave of the Tissa, the merchant, [is given] to the Sangha.

Our Decoding; Parumika Rawana’s daughter Shohili’s cave is donated to Maha Sangha
 
Molagoda Viharaya – Kandy District IC 812
 
IC Reading:- Parumaka-Suri-putaha Bamana-Datakaha lene sagasa

Our Reading
: - Parumaka Suri-putaha Bimana-Datakaha lene sagasa

IC Decoding: - The cave of the Brahmana Dattaka ‘son of the chief Suriya, [is given] to The Sangha.

Our Decoding; the cave owned by the pilot of an aeroplane son of chieftain Suri was donated to Maha Sangha. (This is evidence that Rawana owned air planes.)
 
Sigiriya – Cobra Hooded Cave IC 869
 
Inscription: - Parumaka-Naguliya lene

IC Decoding: - The cave of the chief Naguli (Langali)

Our Decoding: - The cave of Chief Naguli (Rakus maidens called Seetha Naguli, as she was born off the ploughshare).
 
There are many more inscriptions pertaining to Ramayana and Rawana but I revealed only some of them. Existence of rock inscriptions in Sri Lanka pertaining Seetha and Rawana validates the specific historicity of Ramayana. The question arises how these caves were donated to Maha Sangha when Rawana lived in a pre Buddhist–era.
During Emperor Asoka’s rule in India Buddhism was introduced to Sri Lanka. The descendents of the owners of these caves who converted to Buddhism donated them to Maha Sangha and inscribed the name of the Owner and the Donor.
 
Lovers – Anuradhapura

Inscription - ‘Siddha mahayaha kuni – maha (la) ka Asala yaha (di) ni’

Translation; Princess Kuni is the wife of elder Asala – The above deciphering is of Ariyadasa Seneviratna – Author of “Sri Lanka Rawana Rajadhaniya”. The above Brahmi inscription was inscribed at the original place where the Isurumuniya Lovers were sculptured. The letters in this inscription is 3 inches x 4 inches in size. After donating Vessagiriya to Maha Sangha this sculpture was removed and placed at its present place. The Lovers in the sculptured plaque are Sage Vishrawas and his Queen Kuni (Kaikashi). Ramayana states that Vaisrawana who lived in Vessagiriya ruled Sri Lanka before Rawana. (Refer Sri Lanka Rawana Rajadhaniya – Ariyadasa Seneviratna Chap 9)


 

Sage Vishrawas – Anuradhapura
This stone monument placed at the celebrated Vessamuniya presently known as Isurumuniya Viharaya is of a bare bodied personality in deep meditation and significant bearing. A head of a horse can be seen behind the right shoulder. This sculpture has a head dressing and a “sacred thread” - a thread which is worn by ancient monastic personnel. The histories of these monuments are not properly explored by the archaeologists and they have named it as "Man and Horse". Taking the other monuments and the inscriptions at Vessagiriya this celebrated sculpture can be scheduled as of Sage Vishrawas and his horse.  
 
Lanka / Chitrakoota – (Sigiriya) 

  King Kasyapa constructed an open mouth lion’s head and built a new entrance and renamed Chitrakoota Palace of Lanka as ‘Sinhagiriya’ / ‘Sigiriya’ and it is confirmed in our historical chronicle Mahawamsa. Had a lion’s head entrance existed before it would certainly appear in Ramayana, as Hanuman after his spying tour detailed the fortress? Dr Mangala Illangasingha, Dean of the Faculty of Archaeology in University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka in an article to Silumina weekend Sinhala newspaper on 1989 February 12th stated thus, ‘that even if Kasyapa employed the whole nation to build Sigiriya Fortress he would not have built this massive fortress in such a short period of time’.

"Rawana Katha" an ancient Ola book says that, after Rawana’ s death Vibishana came to power and transferred the royal palace–fortress and capital from hill country to Kelaniya. Chitrakoota, the palace of Rawana became the abode of Yaksha noble called Chithraraja, a relative of Vibishana. Chithraraja’s palace had been a Yaksha Temple and later King Dhatusena’s son Kasyapa [459-447 AD] arranged a coup d’état against the father and chose Chitrakoota Temple for his palace fortress, as he had a belief that his mother was a descendent of Yaksha line. King Kasyapa is the only King who had renovated Chitrakoota [Sigiriya] and maintained it. According to the Ramayana this giant fortress had been the Chitrakoota Palace of King Kuvera in the pre history.
 
Pulasthi Statue – Polonnaruwa 
In Polonnaruwa to the north of the Pothgul Vehera is a granite boulder, adorned with a large statue. This is one of the finest statues in the Island and measures 11' 6" inches in height. The historians and the archaeologists have not confirmed its identity to date. Some refer to it as the statue of King Parakramabahu because its closeness to one of his major irrigation works; others refer to it as Rishi Pulasthi’s statue.  
There are some mysterious reasons why the Department of Archaeology has still not declared that this statue belong Rishi Pulasthi even after the name been inscribed on the statue.
 
Our Archaeological Approach 
  • The presence of a Brahminical sacred thread that runs from the left shoulder across the body.
  • The Ola leaf book that he carries confirms that it is of Rishi Pulasthi.
  • The other is because Polonnaruwa was referred as Pulasthipura in primeval times.
  • The dress code is of a Rishi and not of a King.
  • There is a worn out Rock Inscription which reads as; ‘PULA SA THA’ behind the head of the statue. This should end the controversy of this statue and this inscription proves that this statue is of Rishi Pulasthi.
  • Excavations have to be carried on the heap of bricks nearby. It may contain the ashes of Rishi Pulasthi.
 
Asoka Vatika (Uyana) - Seetha Eliya 

  A cave on the summit of Hakgala is believed to be one of the hiding places, and the Strict Nature Reserve is believed to be the Asoka Vatika. On the rock face across the stream are depressions, which, legend says, were made by the feet of Rawana’s elephants. Seetha Amman Kovil is the only Kovil in Sri Lanka dedicated to Seetha, Queen of Rama in Ramayana. In the Kovil are ancient statues of Seetha, Rama, Lakshamana and Hanuman. It is near the Hakgala Botanical Gardens, which is believed to mark the spot where Seetha daily prayed for Rama to rescue her when she was in captivity. This is the area where she used to bathe.
 
Rhumassala - Unawatuna 
Rhumassala is a massive hill oddly out of place in the landscape just outside the Galle harbour. Legend details that during the Rama–Rawana war Rama's brother Lakshamana, was injured and on the instruction of Vibishana,  
Hanuman was sent to Himalayas to fetch a particular medicinal herb. Hanuman forgot the name of the herb but he brought a chunk of the peak containing many herbs. The mountain fragment broke into five pieces of which one fell to Rhumassala. This herb is located in Sri Lanka.
 
Maha Rawana Basses – Deep Southeast – Sri Lanka 
  According to Ramayana Sri Lanka was a huge Island. The early Indian astronomers established that the capital of Sri Lanka, as the equinoctial point in the universe. Rawana-Kotte [the great and little basses] is located off the southeast coast.  King Rawana had build fortresses at these locations which are submerged in the sea now. This area is proclaimed as a security zone.
 
Rawana Cave – Ella  
Rawana Ella Cave Is In The Ella Rock. Hanuman is said to have climbed up Ella Rock, to find Seetha in the cave. Seetha lived in this cavern for some time. This is one of the locations where Seetha was kept. The tunnel at the back of the cave leads to Rawana Eliya, between Hakgala and Nuwara Eliya. Clearly, the former Emperor of Lanka knew the importance of exit strategy.  
Rawana Carving – Ella 
  This carving is carved on a rock on the Ella – Wellawaya Road. It is visible from the main road if one takes an interest in locating it. It’s a recent discovery of mine. Getting closer is not safe as the surroundings are full of wasps. This carving has lot of similarities to Rishi Pulasthi’s statue. The head dress and the moustache and the beard are similar to that of Rishi Pulasthi. As the cave Rawana hid Seetha is very close to this carving there is a great possibility this carving to be of Rawana. This would have been sculptured by a
Sculptor in the later years. However, with the available evidence from the villagers it can be called the only carving of Rawana available in Sri Lanka.
 
Rawana Falls - Ella 
Rawana Falls is located on the Ella – Kithalella road below the famous Rawana cave where Seetha was held in captivity. There are many legends linking Rawana, Seetha and the falls. It’s been named after Rawana, who is a principle character connected to the celebrated Indian poem, the Ramayana. According to available evidence it is said that Emperor Rawana had kidnapped princess Seetha, and had hidden her in the caves behind this waterfall, now simply known as the Rawana Ella Cave.  
 
Stripurakanda – Kiriwanagama 
  Rawana hid Seetha in Stripurakanda Caves at Kiriwanagama but changed her place of stay from time to time. Stripurakanda Caves Kiriwanagama is the most wide and far-reaching cave in Sri Lanka. It is spacious and possible to walk a considerable distance inside and the team who walked with me to a considerable distance had to stop due to earth slips and was able to see bats beyond it. This confirms that this cave extends further.
 
Manawela Falls – Welimada 
Man made Wells and a Drip Ledged Room is located below the Manawela falls close to Stripurakanda. It is linked to the Stripurakanda cave and Seetha walked through the cave for her daily bath. On the rock of the falls is a man made drip ledged space similar to a room. It is said that this drip ledged room was made for Seetha to change her clothes. Close to it lies number of man-made wells on the rock from which she bathed.  
Lakegala  
  Lakegala is a giant monolith-like projection at the eastern extremity of the Knuckles Mountain ranges with an almost at a 90 degree angle. On the other side there is a sudden drop of over 900 meters. Rawana had one of his abodes on it surrounded by his Lankan kingdom. It was also used as a device like a sundial to calculate time in his kingdom.
 
Ritigala 
Ritigala has 70 caves that have been used as dwellings by the earliest inhabitants of Sri Lanka and later as monasteries. It is located in Anuradhapura District and is associated with the Ramayana epic. The mountain fragment slipped and fell while Hanuman was over Lanka on his way back and it broke into pieces. These landed in different locations including Ritigala. This mountain of mystery is said to have the most rare medicinal herbs and plants from Himalayas on its summit. The service  
of an experienced botanist required to identify them as they would have adapted to the Sri Lankan climate with time.
 
Rawana Guhawa/Galgaru Kanatte  
  In between Rakshadeniya, presently Rassandeniya and Wandurudeniya stand a hillock. On the peak there is a small man made granite den utilizing polished granite slabs. People of the area call it "Rawana Guhawa". Department of Archaeology which reconstructed the monument discovered that it had been re –constructed many times after its original construction and is now an archaeological preserve. According to the evidence gathered from the village the final war had taken place here and Rama built this temple to wade off the Brahma Dhosham of killing a Brahmin.

It is said that Rawana was cremated in this zone. The Lingam was not found as it had been reconstructed many times after its original construction. Our view is that this was built by Rama to wade off his sins.
 
Venerable Devinuwara Siri Sunanda Nayaka Thera the chief incumbent of Raja Maha Viharaya Devinuwara said that there is a carved pillar related to the story lies in the higher platform of the temple. In this pillar there is a carving of King Rawana fighting with bow and arrow seated on his elephant “Irawana”. In this area there are many oral evidences pertaining Rama Rawana war.

Rawana was the author of many books was a globally reputed and valued great intellectual. However, parts of few books are found. They are the Samaveda, Nadi Prakasha, Kumara Tantra, Uddisha Tantra, Prakrurtha Kamadhenu, and Sivathandawa Sthothra and the Ayurvedic book ‘Arka Prakasha’.
 
 
 
  His superior acquaintance in Sanskrit can be evaluated from Sivathandawa Sthothra and further he was a proficient Ayurvedic Physician. The art of distilling of Arka and the preparation of Asawa was his invention states Ayurvedic history. He invented the ‘Varuni’ machine to brew Arka.

Rawana was the founder of SINDHURAM medicine. These medicine cured wounds instantly. He was known as Vaidya Shiromani as he rendered valuable service to Ayurveda. He was a divine pharmacologist and a Dhayana yogi.Rishi Valmiki authored Ramayana, based on a genuine episode. The inscriptional evidence of Seetha’s stay in Sri Lanka and Rawana’s historicity proves that Ramayana is not a myth but a factual incident authored by Rishi Valmiki in prose.
 
The rock inscriptions pertaining to Rishi Thrunabindu, Rishi Pulasthi, Rawana and his dynasty and Seetha proves that Ramayana and Emperor Rawana are not myths but history.
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